What is a trauma?
There are four types of traumas:
Events that are traumatic include:
Other types of traumas: Relational Trauma
A relational trauma is a trauma that is particularly inflicted on one person by another, and is characterized by a “violation of human connection.” (Herman, 1992).
Relational trauma, often called attachment injuries, occurs when one person betrays, abandons, or refuses to provide support for another person with whom he or she has developed an attachment bond.
Relational traumas include:
Research in traumatology reveals that untreated trauma disrupts the nervous system and significantly alters the brain functioning.
Untreated trauma is the underlying cause of many mental health and behavioural disorders including depression and addictions.
Untreated trauma can remain undiagnosed for years. Often, trauma has its roots in early childhood development. An event in later life can trigger mental and physical symptoms that become distressing and overwhelming for the individual.
Symptoms relating to untreated trauma and childhood attachment problems include:
People trying to cope with unresolved psychological trauma often resort to self-medicating with substances such as alcohol and drugs or with behaviours such as eating disorders, sex, gambling. These coping mechanisms often have an impact on the person’s relationships and sexual life, which means that many people with unresolved trauma find it difficult to maintain healthy and stable relationships.
Without treatment, it is difficult to recover from the effects of unresolved trauma and its lasting impact on the mind and body.
What is PTS and PTSD?
PTSD stands for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder.
The symptoms of PTS are:
It is important to note that these symptoms are normal to experience immediately after traumatic event. If some of these symptoms persist one month after the traumatic event, a diagnosis of PTS can be formulated.
It is also important to remember that not everybody who has survived a traumatic event will develop PTS. Some people never do.
When the symptoms of PTS are chronic, they can lead to psychological disturbances such as:
PTSD is a specific psychological condition. It manifests with the same symptoms as PTS but it is more severe causing a high level of daily dysfunction.
Both PTS and PTSD can be treated with specific psychological trauma therapy.
Unresolved trauma requires specific trauma-focused treatment. I am specifically trained to treat trauma. In my modality, I work towards regulating and restoring the emotional and psychological balance without re-triggering the nervous system with the traumatic materials.
My trauma therapy modality is integrative, which means that I use a range of psychological interventions to suit the client best.
My main modalities and interventions are:
Trauma therapy works in three phases:
Trauma resolution works in addressing the past, the present and the future.
It is important to note that generic talking therapy is often not sufficient to resolve trauma. It is necessary to employ trauma-focused therapy for trauma resolution.
It uses the natural healing functions of the brain to heal itself.
Old disturbing memories are stored in the brain in isolation. This prevents learning and healing from taking place. The old distressing material just keeps getting triggered over and over. In another part of your brain, you already have most of the information you need to resolve this problem; the two just cannot connect. Once EMDR starts, a linking takes place. New information can come to mind and resolve the old problems.
It allows for the rapid re-processing of traumatic memories into a functional state.
EMDR has received the most positive outcome in research with 30 worldwide randomised controlled trials. Five out of seven indicates that EMDR is most effective to treat PTS and PTSD.
EMDR is now the recommended treatment for trauma in the UK by The National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) (2005)
Transformational Chairwork Therapy
Chairwork in a powerful therapeutic method addressing deep level of trauma re-processing. It can be used specifically for relational trauma, sexual abuse, neglect in childhood, healing after an affair, and the Inner Child therapeutic process.
There is a variety of ways that Chairwork can be used, it is a dynamic method with therapeutic guidance which provides healing and long-lasting positive changes.
I have been specifically trained in the Rewind Technique by Dr David Muss, the clinician who developed this therapy.
It is a specific therapy which provides rapid re-processing of traumatic memories, treating PTSD symptoms.
One traumatic memory can be re-processed in only one extended session of 90 to 110 minutes. A preparation session may be needed first.
The exact science behind the success of the Rewind Technique is unknown. It is thought that the traumatic memory is 're-processed' by the higher cortex, calming down the amygdala (the threat centre of the brain, which is a part of the limbic system) so that the memory can be 're-classified' as non-threatening. Thus, the pattern-match causing the PTSD symptoms no longer occurs.
The growing research body shows that the Rewind Technique is an efficient therapy for trauma and PTSD.